PROGRESS OF GOAL 4 IN 2018
Achieving inclusive and equitable quality education for all will require increasing efforts, especially in sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia and for vulnerable populations, including persons with disabilities, indigenous people, refugee children and poor children in rural areas.
In 2014, about 2 in 3 children worldwide participated in pre-primary or primary education in the year prior to official entry age for primary school. However, in the least developed countries, the ratio was only 4 in 10,despite considerable gains in education enrollment over the past 15 years.
Worldwide, the adjusted net enrollment
rates were 91 per cent for primary education, 84 per cent for lower secondary education and 63 per cent for upper secondary education in 2014. About 263 million children and youth were out of school, including 61 million children of primary school age. Sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia account for over 70 per cent of the global out-of school population in primary and secondary education.Even though more children than ever are going to school, many do not acquire basic skills in reading and mathematics.
Recent learning assessment studies show that in 9 of 24 sub-Saharan African countries and 6 of 15 Latin American countries with data, fewer than half of the students at the end of primary education had attained minimum proficiency levels in mathematics. In 6 of 24 sub-Saharan African countries with data, fewer than half of the students who finished their primary schooling had attained minimum proficiency levels in reading.Equity issues constitute a major challenge in education according to a recent assessment.
In all countries with data, children from the richest 20 per cent of households achieved greater proficiency in reading at the end of their primary and lower secondary education than children from the poorest 20 per cent of households.
In most countries with data, urban children scored higher in reading than rural children.The lack of trained teachers and the poor condition of schools in many parts of the world are jeopardizing prospects for quality education for all. Sub -Saharan Africa has a relatively low percentage of trained teachers in pre -primary, primary and secondary education (44 per cent, 74 per cent and 55 per cent, respectively).
Moreover, the majority of schools in the region do not have access to good roads, electricity or potable water.
Our world is ailing. Take a moment’s stare and you will see the following :-
- Poverty Among Women and Children
It’s harder for women and children to survive in today’s world. If you are a newly born child in the sub-Saharan Africa, chances are you will die of malaria, diarrhea, asphyxia or malnutrition (or two or more of them combined) before clocking age five.
And children in many other regions of the world share almost similar fate – most especially children in eastern and southern Asia.
These are children who are either orphans or whose families are trapped in extreme poverty – the over 21,000 people that die of hunger every day. They lack means to feeding, clothing, education and health care.
Many times, the breadwinners of such families are women. These women, who toil under the hot sun in the day and the torrential rains of cold night, account for more than half of over 702 million people in the world who live in extreme poverty. They are the vegetable hawking mothers in Western-Africa and the fisher-women in South-east Asia who live on less than $1 daily.
It is sad enough that these women are poor (like the men folks) but it is sadder that they are helpless and vulnerable to sexual exploitation, gender discrimination, lack of access to education and opportunities to work and build businesses.
These women are poor, their rights are not protected and their children are malnourished and exposed to danger. However, they can become important tools in securing the future and developing economies when empowered and protected.
- Lack of Access to Proper Education
One of the few roads to freedom from the shackles of poverty is education. Unfortunately, less than half of school-age children in Africa and South-Asia (the poorest parts of the world) are properly educated.
They are not likely to acquire the basic skills of writing and reading – needed to help them live healthy and productive lives.
This is caused by substandard educational facilities in their schools and the lack of trained teachers, who are skilled enough to mentor future leaders that the world is in dire need of.
Many countries – especially in Africa – do not meet the UNESCO annual funding requirement for education pegged at 26%. They are some of the war stricken regions of the world whose educational funds are being used for military activities.
Worst still, UNESCO Institute for Statistics revealed that there are over 124 million out-of-school children and adolescents in the world – many of whom are in Sub-Saharan Africa.
These children are parented by poor individuals who can’t afford their children’s education or upkeep. Children of these individuals are responsible for their own upkeep; forced to exit the four walls of the school environment to earn a living for themselves.
Education is the soul of a nation and the key to unlock the potential of a people and guarantee their future. Unfortunately, this key is elusive to many communities in the world – especially in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia.
There’s need for international donors and non-profit organisations with sincerity of purpose to intervene in the problem lack of access to education in order to end world poverty.
However, the UNESCO Institute for Statistics has confirmed that the poorest countries receive less than a third of the total aid to basic education.
This in spite of the spate of non-profits in the world and the campaign to raise fund for the less privileged.
Categorically, Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for half of all the out-of-school children and more than half of world’s population of the poor…but gets less than half of global aid to the needy.
This is why we ask you to join us today in getting help for somebody in the remote part of the world who has been sidelined from any aid whatsoever.
Do you need guidance regarding your career paths, or you have spot anywhere in your area where you think a help/support is needed regarding education, do feel free to fill the form below.